Complete Dental Guide




Many people are not even aware that they have gingivitis, because it is usually not painful. The most common signs and symptoms of gingivitis are red, swollen and puffy gums that bleed easily. Your dentist can evaluate the condition of your gums at your routine checkups.

 Signs Of Gingivitis?

There is a hand full of signs and symptoms for Gingivitis, these signs and symptoms being:

  • Swollen gums
  • Bright red or purple gums
  • Gums that are tender or painful to the touch
  • Bleeding gums or bleeding after brushing and/or flossing
  • Bad breath

 What Are The Causes Of Gingivitis?

The most common cause of gingivitis is the accumulation of bacterial plaque between and around the teeth. Dental plaque is a bio film that appears naturally on the teeth. It is usually formed by bacteria that are trying to stick to the smooth surface of a tooth.

Gingivitis may also have other causes, including:

  • Changes in hormones- The change in hormones may occur during puberty, menopause, the menstrual cycle and also pregnancy.
  • Some diseases- such as cancer, diabetes, and HIV are linked to a higher risk of developing gingivitis.
  • Drugs- oral health may be affected by some medications, especially if saliva flow is reduced.
  • Smoking - Smoking happens to be one of if not the most common reason why people develop Gingivitis. It may be in your greatest interest to stop smoking or reduce the amount you intake of cigarettes.

Treatment Procedure For Gingivitis

During treatment for Gingivitis the surrounding plaque and tartar in the oral/mouth area is removed, this is known as scaling. Dental professionals while preforming the treatment stage will inform you the importance of maintaining a good standard of oral hygiene. The final stage a dental professional runs through is fixing teeth so that oral hygiene can be done effectively. Some dental problems, such as crooked teeth, badly fitted crowns or bridges, may make it harder to properly remove plaque and tartar.

What the patient can do at home

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day, you may want to keep in mind that in most cases electric toothbrushes do a better job than you can do on your own.
  • Floss your teeth at least once a day.
  • Regularly rinse your mouth with an antiseptic mouthwash. Ask your dentist to recommend one.
  • Check gum containing Xylitol. Xylitol is a natural sweetener and works with saliva to repair damaged enamel caused by decay. The bacteria found in the mouth uses sucrose to create lactic acid, lowering the pH levels in the mouth which results in tooth decay and cavities. Xylitol helps to create an alkaline environment reducing the effectiveness of the bacteria, and lowering the possibility of cavities forming. Chewing gum also helps to dislodge pieces of food that may be stuck in teeth, again leading to less likelihood of bacteria forming and causing damage to the enamel of the tooth.